What is Hiccough? Hiccough: A hiccough is an extraordinary type of breathing movement involving a sudden intake of air (inspiration) due to an involuntary contraction of the diaphragm accompanied by closure of the vocal apparatus (glottis) of the larynx. A hiccough is also called a hiccup. The abrupt inspiration is the result of a sudden contraction of the diaphragm. Closure of […]


What is Jaundice? Jaundice also known as icterus comes from the French word jaune, which means yellow and causes yellow color in the skin, the mucous membranes, or the eyes. The yellow pigment is from bilirubin, a byproduct of old red blood cells. Jaundice in the infant appears first in the face and upper body and progresses downward toward the toes. Premature […]



What is Gastritis? Gastritis is not a single disease, but several different conditions that all have inflammation of the stomach lining. It means that white blood cells move into the wall of the stomach as a response to some type of injury. Gastritis can be caused by drinking too much alcohol, prolonged use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as […]


What is Dysentery? Dysentery is an illness involving severe diarrhea that is often associated with blood in the feces . It is caused by ingestion of food containing bacteria, causing a disease in which inflammation of the intestines affect the body significantly. There are two major types: shigellosis , which is caused by one of several type of Shigella bacteria ; and amoebic dysentery , which is […]


What is Eczema? Eczema is a general term encompassing various inflamed skin conditions. One of the most common forms of eczema is atopic dermatitis. Eczema is a group of skin conditions which can affect all age groups. The severity of the disease can vary. In mild forms the skin is dry, hot and itchy, while in more severe forms the […]



What is Dandruff? Dandruff is an itchy, annoying and persistent skin disorder of the scalp. It is a mysterious ailment. Mysterious, in that there is no commonly agreed upon theory about what actually causes the condition. Dandruff can happen at any age but is most commonly found in people between the ages of 12 and 80. (A form of dandruff […]


What is Conjunctivitis ? Conjunctivitis, commonly known as “pink eye,” is an inflammation of the membrane (conjunctiva) that covers the eye and lines the inner surface of the eyelid.  It is a fairly common condition and usually causes no danger to the eye or your child’s vision . The inflammation can have many causes, the most common of which are […]

Black Water Fever

What is Black Water Fever ? Black water fever (BWF) is a severe clinical syndrome and complication of Falciparum malaria characterized by intra vascular haemolysis , haemoglobinuria and kidney failure . Black water fever is caused by heavy parasitization of red blood cells with Plasmodium falciparum . When the red blood cells burst, hemoglobin leaks into the blood plasma . This free hemoglobin […]



What is Baldness? Male pattern baldness is the most common type of hair loss in men. It usually follows a typical pattern of receding hairline and hair thinning on the crown, and is caused by hormones and genetic predisposition. the severity and nature of baldness can vary greatly; it ranges from male and female pattern alopecia ( androgenetic alopecia , […]