Toothache

Toothache

What is Toothache? A Toothache , also known as odontalgia or, less frequently, as odontalgy , usually refers to pain or soreness around the teeth or jaws. In most instances, toothaches are caused by tooth or jaw problems, such as a dental cavity, a cracked tooth, an exposed tooth root, gum disease, disease of the jaw joint (tempore- mandible joint), or spasms of the muscles used […]

Leukaemia

What is Leukaemea? Leukaemia is cancer of the blood or bone marrow characterized by an abnormal proliferation of blood cells, usually white blood cells ( leukocytes ). These cells can get into the blood stream and circulate around the body. They do not work normally and so do not give you the protection from infection that they should. Because there […]

Low Blood Pressure

Low Blood Pressure

What is Low Blood Pressure? Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the blood vessels . Low blood pressure is an abnormal condition in which a person’s blood pressure (the pressure of the blood against the walls of the blood vessels during and after each beat of the heart) is much lower than usual. It can cause symptoms […]

Leprosy

What is Leprosy? Leprosy,this chronic infectious disease usually affects the skin and peripheral nerves but has a wide range of possible clinical manifestations. Patients are classified as having paucibacillary or multibacillary Hansen’s disease. Multibacillary Hansen’s disease is associated with symmetric skin lesions, nodules, plaques, thickened dermis, and frequent involvement of the nasal mucous resulting in nasal congestion and pistachios. It […]

Leucoderma

What is Leucoderma? Leucoderma also known as vitiligo ,is a distressing skin condition. The word literally means white skin. There is a gradual loss of pigment melanin from the skin layer which results in white patches. These patches look ugly, especially in persons with a dark complexion. The condition does not cause any organic harm. This disease is caused neither […]

Influenza

Influenza

What is Influenza? Influenza , commonly known as the flu , is an infectious disease that infects birds and mammals (primarily of the upper airways and lungs in mammals) and is caused by an RNA virus of the Orthomyxoviridae family (the influenza viruses ). Influenza can be far more severe than the common cold and can even lead to death. Influenza and the […]

Hiccough

What is Hiccough? Hiccough: A hiccough is an extraordinary type of breathing movement involving a sudden intake of air (inspiration) due to an involuntary contraction of the diaphragm accompanied by closure of the vocal apparatus (glottis) of the larynx. A hiccough is also called a hiccup. The abrupt inspiration is the result of a sudden contraction of the diaphragm. Closure of […]

Jaundice

What is Jaundice? Jaundice also known as icterus comes from the French word jaune, which means yellow and causes yellow color in the skin, the mucous membranes, or the eyes. The yellow pigment is from bilirubin, a byproduct of old red blood cells. Jaundice in the infant appears first in the face and upper body and progresses downward toward the toes. Premature […]

Gastritis

Gastritis

What is Gastritis? Gastritis is not a single disease, but several different conditions that all have inflammation of the stomach lining. It means that white blood cells move into the wall of the stomach as a response to some type of injury. Gastritis can be caused by drinking too much alcohol, prolonged use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as […]

Dysentery

What is Dysentery? Dysentery is an illness involving severe diarrhea that is often associated with blood in the feces . It is caused by ingestion of food containing bacteria, causing a disease in which inflammation of the intestines affect the body significantly. There are two major types: shigellosis , which is caused by one of several type of Shigella bacteria ; and amoebic dysentery , which is […]