Diabetes

Diabetes

What is Diabetes? Diabetes is a chronic disease. Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood is too high because the body cannot use it properly. Glucose comes from the digestion of starchy foods such as bread, rice, potatoes, chapatis, yams and plantain, from sugar and other sweet foods, and from the liver […]

Whooping Cough

What is Whooping Cough? Whooping cough (pertussis) is still a very serious disease when it occurs in children under the age of one year old. But thanks to an effective vaccine and prevention against infection, it is now quite rare . Before the vaccination against whooping cough was introduced, three out of four children caught the disease and some died […]

Urticaria

What is Urticaria? Urticaria also called nettle-rash or hives or wheals in a common language, simply means itching with rash and mainly effects the neck, arms, legs and trunk of the children. Medically, urticaria may be defined as skin eruption , which is allergic in origin and is characterized by profound itching, red circular or irregularly shaped eruptions on any part of […]

Tuberculosis

What is Tuberculosis? Tuberculosis (commonly shortened to TB ) is an infection caused by the bacterium mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs but can also affect the central nervous system lymphatic system, circulatory system(miliary tuberculosis),genitourinary system, bones and joints. Tuberculosis is one of the most deadly and common major infectious diseases today infecting one-third of the world population or two billion people. […]

Sore Throat

Sore Throat

What is Sore Throat? A sore throat (also known as pharyngitis or tonsillitis ) is a disease primarily located in the area around the tonsils. It can be caused by both a virus and a bacteria. A sore throat is partly a disease in itself and partly an effect of other diseases such as flu and glandular fever . The […]

Toothache

Toothache

What is Toothache? A Toothache , also known as odontalgia or, less frequently, as odontalgy , usually refers to pain or soreness around the teeth or jaws. In most instances, toothaches are caused by tooth or jaw problems, such as a dental cavity, a cracked tooth, an exposed tooth root, gum disease, disease of the jaw joint (tempore- mandible joint), or spasms of the muscles used […]

Leukaemia

What is Leukaemea? Leukaemia is cancer of the blood or bone marrow characterized by an abnormal proliferation of blood cells, usually white blood cells ( leukocytes ). These cells can get into the blood stream and circulate around the body. They do not work normally and so do not give you the protection from infection that they should. Because there […]

Low Blood Pressure

Low Blood Pressure

What is Low Blood Pressure? Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the blood vessels . Low blood pressure is an abnormal condition in which a person’s blood pressure (the pressure of the blood against the walls of the blood vessels during and after each beat of the heart) is much lower than usual. It can cause symptoms […]

Leprosy

What is Leprosy? Leprosy,this chronic infectious disease usually affects the skin and peripheral nerves but has a wide range of possible clinical manifestations. Patients are classified as having paucibacillary or multibacillary Hansen’s disease. Multibacillary Hansen’s disease is associated with symmetric skin lesions, nodules, plaques, thickened dermis, and frequent involvement of the nasal mucous resulting in nasal congestion and pistachios. It […]

Leucoderma

What is Leucoderma? Leucoderma also known as vitiligo ,is a distressing skin condition. The word literally means white skin. There is a gradual loss of pigment melanin from the skin layer which results in white patches. These patches look ugly, especially in persons with a dark complexion. The condition does not cause any organic harm. This disease is caused neither […]