Anaemia

What is Anaemia? Anaemia is a deficiency of red blood cells, which can lead to a lack of oxygen-carrying ability, causing unusual tiredness and other symptoms. The deficiency occurs either through the reduced production or an increased loss of red blood cells. These cells are manufactured in the bone marrow and have a life expectancy of approximately four months. To […]

Nosebleed

What is Nosebleed? Nosebleeds a re very common. The nose contains many tiny blood vessels that bleed easily. Air moving through the nose can dry and irritate the membranes lining the inside of the nose, forming crusts. These crusts bleed when irritated by rubbing, picking, or blowing the nose. The lining of the nose is more likely to become dry […]

Wrinkles

Wrinkles

What are Wrinkles? Wrinkles can be defined as- A small furrow, ridge, or crease on a normally smooth surface, caused by crumpling, folding, or shrinking. A line or crease in the skin, as from age. A clever trick, method, or device, especially one that is new and different. A problem or imperfection; a fault. What are the causes of Wrinkles? […]

Diabetes

Diabetes

What is Diabetes? Diabetes is a chronic disease. Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood is too high because the body cannot use it properly. Glucose comes from the digestion of starchy foods such as bread, rice, potatoes, chapatis, yams and plantain, from sugar and other sweet foods, and from the liver […]

Whooping Cough

What is Whooping Cough? Whooping cough (pertussis) is still a very serious disease when it occurs in children under the age of one year old. But thanks to an effective vaccine and prevention against infection, it is now quite rare . Before the vaccination against whooping cough was introduced, three out of four children caught the disease and some died […]

Urticaria

What is Urticaria? Urticaria also called nettle-rash or hives or wheals in a common language, simply means itching with rash and mainly effects the neck, arms, legs and trunk of the children. Medically, urticaria may be defined as skin eruption , which is allergic in origin and is characterized by profound itching, red circular or irregularly shaped eruptions on any part of […]

Tuberculosis

What is Tuberculosis? Tuberculosis (commonly shortened to TB ) is an infection caused by the bacterium mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs but can also affect the central nervous system lymphatic system, circulatory system(miliary tuberculosis),genitourinary system, bones and joints. Tuberculosis is one of the most deadly and common major infectious diseases today infecting one-third of the world population or two billion people. […]

Sore Throat

Sore Throat

What is Sore Throat? A sore throat (also known as pharyngitis or tonsillitis ) is a disease primarily located in the area around the tonsils. It can be caused by both a virus and a bacteria. A sore throat is partly a disease in itself and partly an effect of other diseases such as flu and glandular fever . The […]

Toothache

Toothache

What is Toothache? A Toothache , also known as odontalgia or, less frequently, as odontalgy , usually refers to pain or soreness around the teeth or jaws. In most instances, toothaches are caused by tooth or jaw problems, such as a dental cavity, a cracked tooth, an exposed tooth root, gum disease, disease of the jaw joint (tempore- mandible joint), or spasms of the muscles used […]

Leukaemia

What is Leukaemea? Leukaemia is cancer of the blood or bone marrow characterized by an abnormal proliferation of blood cells, usually white blood cells ( leukocytes ). These cells can get into the blood stream and circulate around the body. They do not work normally and so do not give you the protection from infection that they should. Because there […]